Paper Engineering is the area of engineering that deals in converting raw materials into paper products. It deals with the thermal, chemical and biochemical processes that are used to design and produce the paper. The processes result in the making of paper, cardboard, and other paper oriented materials and have a close relation with the forestry department, recycling of paper and paper-based waste material and mass production of paper for mass media channels like newspaper and magazines.
The Chinese invented some of the most important objects in the world. They have tea, silk, gunpowder, kites, fireworks and a long list that seems never ending. Pioneers of innovations, this grand civilization expended a lot of their time into a contribution that has been helping the world since forever now.
How is Paper made ?
Paper is a thin material that is formed by pressing fibers obtained from the pulp of natural sources like wood, and drying them. Paper is used for many purposes, exclusively for writing and printing, along with which, it is used for cleaning, artwork and packaging and construction. In short, it has been a super important object for daily use.
The field of paper engineering involves various methods for the generation of paper from raw materials.
Mechanical Pulping - Using mechanical instruments to grind and refine the pulp and producing the paper.
Chemical Pulping - Chemically disbanding 'Lignins' which are organic polymers which help in creating cell walls in wood and bark, and thereafter getting the pulp which is used to create durable paper materials.
Pulp Processing - The pulp that is obtained is further rendered into a mesh sort of form, which is further pressed with extreme pressure resulting in removing of all the water content.
Finishing -The resulting paper is then coated with a very tiny amount of china clay to give a finishing touch to the surface, after which it is modified according to the needed sizes.
What does a Paper Engineer do?
A Paper-Pulp Engineer is an expert who studies the processes of manufacture of paper, pulp and also other by-products that can be generated from the pulp. The job revolves around the development of various procedures and applications which can be put into use for the recycling of the waste paper and other materials into useful products. Their job also involves the application of knowledge of the physical sciences which includes, life physics and chemistry and life sciences (biology and biochemistry) into practical use. Though the paper and pulp industry go hand in hand, they are carried out in separate processes.
How to become a Paper Engineer?
A career in paper and pulp engineering requires basic knowledge of physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics. An aspirant must select the science stream with all the above-mentioned subjects and get 50% marks in each for their XII board examination. You must then apply for an undergraduate program, which can be Bachelor of Engineering or Bachelor of Technology (B.E./B.Tech). Students aspiring to avail their degree from IIT (Indian Institute of Technology) and NIT (National Institute of Technology) must apply for JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) and get through JEE Mains. Following the Bachelors program, you can go for a Masters program in engineering with Paper Engineering as a specialization. Those who are interested in continuing their studies and want to focus on research can follow up to get a Post-Doctoral Degree (PhD). You can look for jobs, right after your Bachelors or Masters degree, but the level of your job and salary will depend on your qualification and experience.
Career Opportunities and Scope
We have to acknowledge the industry behind such an interesting and useful field of Engineering. Although the Chinese and Egyptians started off the industrial production and use of paper, it has grown into a billion dollar industry as of today thanks to Paper and Pulp Engineering.
The Paper-Pulp Engineering is a specialization of engineering that deals with the study of manufacturing of paper, pulp and also other biomaterials. This branch focuses on developing different procedures and also applications so as to recycle the waste paper and several other materials into useful products. Paper-pulp engineering also involves the employment of various areas of Physics, Chemistry and also Mathematics. As the world is presently giving emphasis to renewable resources, the Paper-Pulp industries are showing more interest in this.
With new technology and a need for specific needs, the field of paper and chemical engineering is seen to be useful in the manufacturing of a wide variety of products. This industry's scope involves manufacturing of organic and agrochemicals (fertilizers, insecticides, herbicides), fragrances and flavors, food, feed, pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, chemicals, polymers and power from biological materials. A lot of emphasis is also been given on recycling technologies.
Students receiving a degree in Paper Science & Engineering gain access to variety of engineering and related jobs, primarily in the paper industry but also in other chemical process industries. Students receiving dual degrees in Paper Science & Engineering and Chemical Engineering (PSE/CHE) will find themselves pursued by both companies in the paper industry and other companies that value the combination of a very theoretical degree and a very applied degree.
Manufacturing – Most graduates with PSE or PSE/CHE degrees will get jobs in the manufacturing sector, working at a particular company site that makes a certain product. Students with an engineering orientation tend to find this type of work to be satisfying and stimulating, because of its hands-on nature and the ability to quickly see the results of a contribution.
Process Engineers focus on improving the productivity and reliability of the process, while reducing costs and improving quality. They work daily with the process, in a very hands-on way.
Project Engineers help to design new processes and equipment that can make a step change in the operation. They work with equipment and technology vendors, come up with proposed designs, calculate total costs, and submit project packages to management for approval.
Management – Some graduates will be attracted to the management side of manufacturing. They usually start out as process or project engineers, but then they are promoted to supervisor, coordinator, or area management roles. Students on management track can end up in high-level, highly-paid positions such as Mill Manager, Division Manager, Vice-President, President, or CEO. Many alumni of the PSE program have ended up in these types of positions.
Technical Support – Graduates who go into these types of jobs are a bit less involved in day-to-day manufacturing operations. Instead, they are responsible for providing technical assistance to one or more sites and supplying sampling, testing, analysis, and strategies for improvement. Sometimes, these jobs are located at central corporate sites. Such jobs are attractive to students who do not like to be limited to one location and to students who like the more technical aspects of pulp and paper manufacture.
Suppliers – Each year, a good number of PSE graduates go to work for companies that supply chemicals, equipment, and technology to the paper industry. In the “old days,” these employees were actively involved in the sales of these items. With the advent of corporate-level contracts, however, supplier representatives are more focused on trials of new products and ensuring that the implementation of the products is being done in an optimal fashion. Some students who get these types of jobs live in a central location (usually a more metropolitan area) and travel to support a number of sites. Others, however, actually work at a single manufacturing site, serving as the “live-in” support person for the company’s products. These types of jobs appeal to students who like travel and the thought of working in multiple locations.
Consulting – Some students will go to work for companies that supply engineering, design, financial, or other consulting services to the paper industry. Examples of such companies are Jacobs Engineering, BE&K Engineering, and Accenture. Advantages of these types of jobs are the opportunity to work with multiple paper companies and the ability to live in a more metropolitan area.
Research and Development – although similar in nature to Technical Support (above), graduates who go into R&D are more focused on longer-term issues, such as new products and better processes to produce existing products. Often (but not always), a higher-level degree is required to be in these types of jobs. The jobs usually involve work in a laboratory or pilot plant, but they can also involve trials at the manufacturing sites.
The Renumeration in Paper- Pulp Engineering
A Paper Engineer holding a Masters Degree can earn Rs.15, 000 to Rs.20, 000 per month at starting the level. The Paper and Pulp Engineers or Scientists with an experience of 5 years can get salary of Rs.35, 000 - Rs.40, 000 per month. The recent average offer was $68,000/year, with a range of $64,000 to $72,000. The salaries increase in time with better experience, skill, and knowledge.
Starting salaries for graduates with a PSE degree are among the highest for any graduate. The recent average offer was $68,000/year, with a range of $64,000 to $72,000. Students receiving the dual degree with CHE have access to even higher salary ranges.
Work Locations for Paper Science Engineering Graduates
It is often assumed that a degree in Paper Science & Engineering limits graduates to jobs in rural or remote locations. It is true that many attractive jobs in manufacturing, management, and technical support are found at major Pulp and Paper manufacturing facilities, and these facilities are usually often located in rural areas by necessity. The advantages of such rural locations include low cost of living and access to water and hunting sports.
Placement Rates for Paper Science Engineering Graduates
The outstanding reputation of persons with a PSE degree has led to very high placement rates for graduates. Traditionally, 80-100 % of all graduates will have at least one job offer at the time of graduation, and 100 % are placed within one year of graduation. This high placement rate has been independent of the paper industry. More often than not, graduates with a combination of a good GPA and good job experience (summer internships and co-ops) will receive several offers from a variety of companies.
Students who receive the dual major in PSE and CHE will find that their job options are even more prevalent and varied. This combination of a very theoretical and a very applied degree is highly attractive to employers – not only those in the paper and related industries, but also to petrochemical, pharmaceutical, and other chemical process industries. It is our experience that students with the dual degree will receive more (and more attractive) offers with non-paper companies than they would have with only a single CHE degree.
Areas of study involved in Pulp &Paper Engineering
The areas of study involved in this course of Pulp & Paper Engineering are as follows:-
Pulping and Chemical Recovery
Pulp Washing and Bleaching
Paper Manufacturing & Designing Techniques
Computer Aided Design
Chemical Thermodynamics & Instrumentation
Top firms in India which recruits experts in the area of Pulp & Paper Engineering
Some of the top firms in India which recruits experts in the area of Pulp & Paper Engineering include the following:-
Vikarabad Pulp and Paper Mills Pvt. Ltd, Andhra Pradesh
Tamil Nadu Newsprint and Papers Limited, Tamil Nadu
Sri Krishna Paper Mills and Industries Limited, Delhi
Pudumjee Pulp & Paper Mills Ltd., Maharashtra
Star Paper, Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh
The West Coast Paper Mills Ltd., Karnataka
The Andhra Pradesh Paper Mills Ltd, Andhra Pradesh
JK Paper, Orissa
Ballarpur Industries Limited (BILT), Maharashtra
Career in Private sector after B.Tech in
Pulp & Paper Engineering
In the private sector, the initial salary will be in the range of Rs.9000/- to Rs.12000/- per month and for those aspirants with an M.Tech degree can earn in the range of Rs.15000/- to Rs.20000/- per month.
Job profiles in the area of Pulp & Paper Engineering in the Private sector
Asset Availability Leader
Fiber line Superintendent
Fixed Reliability Engineer
Paper Machine Leader
Process Control Engineer
Process Development Engineer
Process Improvement Engineer
Safety Process Engineer
Government Career after B.Tech in
Pulp & Paper Engineering
Aspirants who are qualified in Pulp &Paper Engineering can work in numerous fields in the Government sector. The aspirants need to successfully clear the written tests being organized by various Government bodies including PSC, UPSC and also SSC.
Job profiles in the area of Pulp &Paper Engineering in the Government Sector
They can also engage in the following positions in several areas:-
Envelope Machine Operators
Paper Machine Operators
Pulp and Paper Lab Testers
Career Abroad after B.Tech in Pulp &Paper Engineering
Several foreign countries employ Pulp & Paper Engineering graduates in various under takings functioning there. These people are offered openings in various job profiles as well. They are paid well in good firms abroad.
However, a surprising number of these facilities are within easy commuting distance of towns or cities of considerable size — examples include Lynchburg, Augusta, Wilmington, Richmond, Charlotte, Atlanta, Asheville, and Tulsa.
Graduates who need a more metropolitan location can pursue opportunities with suppliers, or they can go into consulting or research and development roles. PSE graduates currently work in such cities as Charlotte, Atlanta, Richmond, Jacksonville, Memphis, Tulsa, and Houston.
Long term Career Roadmap for B.Tech in Pulp &Paper Engineering
Aspirants can opt for higher studies in the field so as to attain heights in the industry. These graduates can opt for various certification courses as well. They will get promoted to senior positions in a short span of time and that will add on to their salary as well.
Best Institute in India for
B.Tech in Pulp & Paper Engineering
B.Tech. (Pulp and Paper Engineering) – IIT Roorkee
The Institute of Paper Technology at Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
The Institute of Paper technology at Saharanpur, An Industry Oriented Technological Institution, is a unique academic department of the University of Roorkee.
Saharanpur Campus, formerly known as the School of Paper Technology was established by the Government of India in 1964, with an aid from the Royal Swedish Government. This School was managed by a Society created by U.P. Government until its merger with the then University of Roorkee in 1978. Saharanpur Campus is well planned and developing Campus acquiring 25 acres of land with the distance of around 50 kms from the Roorkee campus. The Saharanpur campus has three departments viz. Department of Paper Technology, Department of Polymer and Process engineering and Department of Applied Sciences and Engineering as on March 1, 2012.
How to reach this place -
Academic Programmes at Department of Pulp & Paper Technology in IIT Roorkee
IIT Roorkee has been offering academic programmes at various levels in Pulp and Paper Technology since 1964.
M.Tech Pulp And Paper Technology 2 Year(s), Full Time
B.Tech Pulp And Paper Technology 4 Year(s), Full Time